Strengthen the long system of the river lake and build a happy river lake
Fully promote the head system of the river, is the party center with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, based on solving complex water problems in my country, guarantee national water safety, and made major decisions from ecological civilization construction and economic and social development. General Secretary Xi Jinping personally planned, personally deployed, personally promoted this major reform.
In November 2016, in December 2017, the Office of the Central Committee of the CPC Central Committee, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Opinions on the Comprehensive Implementation of River Long System" "Guiding Opinions on the Implementation of Lake Changing". Four years of practice fully proved that the rivers and lakes are fully compliant with my country’s national conditions. It is a fundamental and pioneering major policy initiative in the field of Jianghe Protection. It is a major system innovation with strong vitality. Fully implement the rivers and lakes, the resurgence has achieved significant results, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the Ministry of Water Resources and various departments work together to promote a large number of long-term long-term wanted resolution, the rivers and lake protection governance problems, my country’s Jianghe lake has a historic change. The people’s sense of gain, happy, safe and strong sense of security, and the rivers and lakes are brought out.
The responsibility system is fully established. According to the time node identified by the Party Central Committee, the State Council, the river is fully established in 2018, and the lake’s head system.
The main leaders of the 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) are the main leaders of the provincial total river, provincial, municipal, county, and townships, the four-level rivers, the rivers, the village-level river, including patrol, protect the river More than 900,000, realized full coverage of river lake management responsibility. The working mechanism is constantly improving. The national level is established by the State Council’s leadership comrades as a comprehensive promotion of the rivers and lakes, and establishing a system of performing the performance, supervision and inspection, assessment accountability, forward incentives, and forms a grab. First, layers grasp the work pattern. Promoting the establishment of the Changjiang, Yellow River Basin Provincial River Lake Governor Joint Conference Mechanism, and the establishment of the establishment of the upper and lower reaches of the left and right shore joint defense mechanisms, the department coordinated linkage mechanism, the patrol (protective) river worker system, the folk river long system, the social government system, Form a powerful working force.
The rivers and lakes continue to be good.
Promote all localities to establish "one river one gear" and prepare a "one river one policy".
Promote the rivers and lake management range, 1.2 million kilometers of rivers, 1955 lakes for the first time.
Carry out the special action of the "clear four chaos" (chaos, chaos, chaos, chaos), the Yangtze River Yellow River coastline utilizes special rectification, concentrated on the rectification of the rivers and lakes, more than 40 million square meters Rice, remove less than 10,000 kilometers of illegal perius, more than 40 million tons in the river, 300,000 kilometers of illegal occupied coastline, and crack down on illegal sand ships.
Implementation of the comprehensive management of groundwater in North China, the groundwater levels of the groundwater in some regions have rebounded, the Yongding River, Daqinghe, the Weihe River, and the Zihe River have realized the whole line through the whole line, Baiyangdian heavy light color.
The nationally eliminated water body is basically eliminated in the national prefecture and above, and the proportion of water quality section of the national surface water I to III water quality in 2020 increases by nearly 16 percentage points higher than in 2016.
The awareness of all the people’s concern is significantly increased.
Promoting the rivers and lakes to enter the enterprise, enter the campus, enter the community, into the countryside, and have emerged a group of "enterprise rivers", "the head of the river", "towel", and the whole society, the whole society cares for the atmosphere of the protection of rivers and lakes. It is increasingly rich.
Comprehensive implementation of the rivers and lakes have accumulated valuable experience in the practice of 5 years, deepening our regular understanding of the protection of rivers and lakes, and accumulated valuable experience in the implementation of rivers and lake.
One is to adhere to the people as the people.
Jianghe Lake is closely related to the production and life of the people, and the people have enthusiastic expectations on Jianghe Lake Protection. In the past five years, through comprehensive implementation of the river lake head system, we will focus on solving the people’s most direct and most realistic water-related problems, build rivers, water, shore green, Jingmei, people and the bright landscape, the protection of rivers and lakes Get extensive recognition of the people. Practice has proved that the full implementation of the rivers and lakes must adhere to the people-oriented thinking, meet the reality requirements of promoting high quality development, create high-quality life, and promote the solid-rich construction of a solid structure. The second is to persist in ecological priority.
Jianghe Lake is an important component of natural ecosystems and is also an important support for economic and social development. In the past five years, through comprehensive implementation of the rivers and lakes, promote all localities to take the ecological priority, the road to green development, and the development of economic and social development and the protection of rivers and lakes, and realize the historical transformation of the face of the river lake. Practice has proved that the comprehensive implementation of the rivers and lakes must fully and accurately implement the new development concept, safeguard the healthy life of the river lake, and provide strong support for high quality development in order to promote the development of economic and social development.
The third is to persist in problem-oriented. my country’s water disaster is frequent, water resources, water ecological damage, water environment pollution, etc. are still outstanding. These problems are concentrated on the river lake. In the past five years, through comprehensive implementation of the rivers and lake heads, the local system, the disease, the disease, the chaos of the river lake, control the water space according to law, strictly protect the water resources, accurately govern water pollution, speed up the repair of water, effectively solve the river lake protection Outstanding issue. Practice has proved that the comprehensive implementation of the rivers and lakes must adhere to the problem-oriented, grasp the key, make up shortboard, and strong weaknesses to comprehensively improve the national water safety capacity. The fourth is to persist system governance. The lakes of the lakes in the lakes of Lake Tin Lake are the live community.
In the past five years, through the comprehensive implementation of the role of the rivers and lakes, the functional positioning and protection target requirements of the rivers and lakes, comprehensive use of various measures, overall promotion, the beach, governance mountain, the pollution mission, the rivers and lakes have happen to history Sex change.
Practice has proved that the comprehensive implementation of the rivers and lakes must establish system concepts, strengthen comprehensive management, system governance, source governance, to achieve the fundamental improvement of the face of the river lake. The fifth is to persist in solidarity. Comprehensive implementation of the rivers and lakes is a complex system engineering.
In the past five years, through the comprehensive implementation of the rivers and lake head, give full play to the superiority of the centralized force, the organizational leadership and coordination of the river lake, and form a strong synergy that promotes the protection of rivers and lakes.
Practice has proved that the rivers and lakes must establish a global "one-game chess" idea, establish a river lake management protection pattern, and the regional association, and department linkage can bring together all aspects of wisdom and strength. Work hard to build a happy river lake in the river lake in the river. Fully implement decision-making deployment of the Party Central Committee on strengthening the long system of river lake, promoting the governance of the Dajiang Dafa and the important lake wetland, must bite the goal, the foot, the earth, and the head is hard, and I have been committed for a long time. Depth in depth.
First, strengthen the responsibility to implement the department.
Further improve the responsibility system with the main leadership of party and government, improve the first-level leader, first-level supervisor, up and down, and the rivers and lake management liability chains are implemented, ensuring each river, every lake. Some people.
Strengthen the rivers and lakes to perform, supervise and inspect, forward incentives and assessment accountability, and conduct stress. Clarify the mandate of rivers and lakes in various regions, improve coordination linkage mechanism, form parties and government leaders, water contributions, departmentalism, and social treatment of river lake protection mechanism. Second, to strengthen water resource intensive and save utilization. Comprehensively implement the construction of water and settlement, water-saving, water-saving, water-saving, water-saving, water-saving, and standardize the water resources rigid constraint system, and standardize the water behavior. Fully implement national water-saving actions, lay a deep water-saving and water control over the key area of ??important areas, and improve the level of water intensive water intensity.
Implement the major project of national water network, optimize the spatial configuration of water resources, and comprehensively enhance water resource overall adjustment capacity, water supply security capacity, strategic reserves. Third, we must promote the resuscitation of river lake ecological environment.
In-depth promoting the normalization of the "Qing four chaos" normalization, and the focus of cleaning and remediation will extend to the small and medium-sized river, and the rural rural lake extends.
Accelerate the implementation of the rivers and lake space protection, strengthen the classification control of the shoreline space partition of the river lake waters, implement the rivers and lake space belt repair, guarantee the ecological flow, smooth the flood channel, and create a green ecological corner along the river along the river along the river. Adhere to the source prevention and control, water-strait Tongzhi, strictly control all kinds of pollution sources, increase the gang gang governing, maintain the water of the river lake, and protect the aquatic biological resources of the river lake.
Continue to carry out the health assessment of the river lake, strengthen the supercoding of groundwater, and scientifically promote the comprehensive management of soil erosion.
Fourth, to strengthen the number of digital envigibility. According to "Demand Traction, Application First, Digital Energy, Improvement Capability", strengthen data monitoring and interconnection, accelerated data monitoring and interconnection with digital scene, networked, intelligent, accurate decision-making Build a numeric twin river lake with forecast, early warning, pre-preordfunction. Improve the monitoring and monitoring system, create "day, empty, land, people" three-dimensional supervision network, and timely master the water volume, water quality, water ecological and water area change, the development and utilization of the shoreline, the river sand production, the strengthening department In the area, the area and regional information interconnection is intertwined, and supports the intelligence management of Henghu.
(The author is the party secretary, minister of the Ministry of Water Resources (Editor: Hu Quechao, Xiao Xin) to share more people to see the recommended reading.